The Radical: 臣


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Meaning
retainer, tributary, vasal    臣

Explanation Picture of an eye wide open; representing the attentiveness of a retainer.

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 3Joyo 4
retainer, tributary, henchman, vassal
SHIN, JIN
cf. huge (very big eye)
Wide open eyes, representing the attentiveness of a retainer.
JLPT 2Joyo 6
warehouse, storehouse
kura,
From top: plant , var. of halberd , retainer
At the plants a retainer with a halberd is at the warehouse.
JLPT 2Joyo 6
inner organs, entrails, viscera
harawata,
Left: body part /, right: warehouse (At the plants a retainer with a halberd guards the warehouse)
The body is the "warehouse" for the inner organs.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
observe, perusal (=check a document), exhibition, watch
RAN
Top: retainer (watchful eye), horizontal person , one , bottom: to see, watch (= The eye is on legs when looking around)
(A peeping Tom (voyeur) is observing a bed scene:) His watchful eyes see a lying person and a second one underneath with his eyes when he is observing carefully.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
attend, look to, face, confront, participate
nozomu, RIN
Left: retainer (watchful eye), right: horizontal person , merchandise
A retainer and a further person are at the merchandise: They are attending, and have a look at it.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
supervise, oversee, observe, watch
KAN
Top: retainer (watchful eye), right: horizontal person looking at a surface of water/mirror , below: a plate
A retainer and a lying person are mirrored in the plate they supervise / observe.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
warship, battleship
KAN
Left: boat/ship , right: supervise (The retainer and a lying person are mirrored in a plate they supervise / observe.)
A ship that supervises is a warship.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
example, model, specimen
kangamiru, KAN
Left: metal/gold , right: watch, supervise (The retainer and a lying person are mirrored in the plate they supervise / observe.)
Due to its value its inventory is constantly monitored:) The way the gold is supervised is exemplary.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
tight, solid, tense, compact, to tie
KIN
Top: retainer and: hand , below: thread
Around the retainer's hands is a thread to tie them tightly.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
firm, solid, hard
katai, KEN
Top: retainer and hand , below: earth/ground
A retainer has to work by hand in the earth, when it is firm and hard.
JLPT 2Joyo 7
wise, intelligent
kashikoi, KEN
Top: retainer , hand , below: shell/money
A retainer with a hand at the money is wise and intelligent.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
flood, overflow, inundate
RAN
Left: water , right: supervise, observe (The retainer and a lying person are mirrored in a plate they supervise / observe.)
The water has to be supervised to avoid floodings.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
princess, lady
hime, KI
Left: woman , right: retainer (wide open eye, representing the attentiveness of a retainer)
The woman as a retainer is a princess.
JLPT -Joyo 7
kidney
JIN
Top: retainer , hand , bottom: body part /
Like a loyal retainer with his hand, this body part is serving us: The kindney.
JLPT -Joyo 7
indigo
RAN, ai
Top: plant , bottom: to watch, supervise (The retainer and a lying person are mirrored in the plate they supervise / observe.)
(It's used for dyeing:) The plant that "supervises" is the: indigo blue.

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