The Radical: 山


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Meaning
mountain    山

Explanation Picture of a mountain with three peaks.

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 5Joyo 1
mountain
yama, SAN

Image of a mountain with tree peaks
JLPT 5Joyo 1
come out, go out
deru dasu, SHUTSU
Two mountains behind each other (traditionally to "send behind the mountains" for exile.)
Behind a mountain another mountain comes out.
JLPT 3Joyo 3
coast, shore
kishi, GAN
From top: mountain , a cliff and dry (Image of drying stand)
Mountains and cliffs define the dry coast.
JLPT 3Joyo 2
rock, crag
iwa, GAN
Top: mountain , bottom: stone (Below the cliff are stones )
In size between a mountain and a stone: a rock
JLPT 3Joyo 3
charcoal, coal
sumi, TAN
Top: mountain , bottom: ashes (If sth. "cliff "-like covers the fire , it is the ashes.) (To make charcoal, wood is piled up mountain-like and covered and lit from the inside)
This mountain of covered fire produces the charcoal.
JLPT 3Joyo 3
island
shima,
Top: variation of bird (Image of a bird with head , wings , tail feather フ and talons ), bottom: mountain
What (only) a bird can reach and where a mountain is: An island.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
belt, Obi(of a kimono), sash, area
obi, obiru, TAI
From top: belt with a mountain-like application , cover , cloth
A belt with applications covering the cloth is an 'obi'.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
hidden, secret, dense, intimate
hisoka, MITSU
From top: roof , certainly (... is the heart pierced by a lance ), montain
(Protecting) roofs are certainly in the mountains for hideing.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
peak, high mountain
take, GAKU
Top: hill , bottom: mountain
The hill on the mountain is its peak.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
fork of road, branch off, diverge
KI
Left: mountain , right: branch/twig (twig in a hand )
In the mountains like a twig: The road's fork.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
gorge, ravine, glen (narrow valley)
KYŌ
Left: mountain , right: squeezed in (a man/husband , squeezed from both sides ; traditionally 峽 with two persons at the sides of a big person)
The mountain is squeezing at: the gorges.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
event, organize, festivities, social gathering
moyōsu, SAI
Left: person , right: mountain and bird
When a person climbs the mountain, he can (together with the birds) organize an event.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
cape, landhead, promontory
saki, KI
Left: mountain , right: strange (There is a big possibility , but it looks strange.)
(A beach might be behind?) Behind this "mountain" are big possibilities, because it is a cape.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
revere, lofty, respect
agameru,
Top: mountain , bottom: religion (The "roof" over the altar / is the religion.)
(In Shintō:) In the mountains is the religion we revere.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
hermit, unworldly
SEN
Left: person , right: mountain
The person on the mountain is a hermit.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
extremely, edge, end, border
hashi, hata, ha, TAN
Left: stand , right: 耑 (mountain & the beard hangs down below the mouth )
(e.g. a hunter) He stand on the mountain with a beard at the edge.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
indication, sign, summon, symptom
shirushi, CHŌ
From left: go , mountain , king , strike, hit
Go on the mountain to the king who will strike you: to give an indication.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
pass, crest, peak
tōge,
Left: mountain , right: up , down
If the mountain is upwards and then downwards, you are at the pass.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
tiny, minuteness, obscure, faint, dim, delicate
BI
Left: go , center: mountain , table (cf. ,), right: to strike
Go on the mountain to the table and smash it into tiny pieces.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
peak, top, summit, ridge
mine,
Left: mountain , right: pointed, needle-shaped (When sitting cross-legged on the peak of a growing plant 丰 you feel it is pointed.)
The mountain is pointed at its peak.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
collapse, crumble, demolish, destroy, break
kuzureru/su,
Top: mountain , below: friend, comrade 朋 (twice month /)
Under the mountain-like weight, the two bodies will collapse.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
promontory, headland, cape
misaki, saki,
Left: mountain , right: mussel shell or turtle shell (seed with a root shoot opening the shell)
A mountain of mussel shells forms a promontory.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
seclude, hermitical, dark, obscure, faint
kasuka,
Outside: mountain (here: two containers next to each.), inside: threads
Threads in (separated) containers are secluded.
JLPT -Joyo 7
storm, hurricane
arashi,
From top: mountain , wind (.. it pushes insects into the sail [The additional stroke is a sailing beam])
A 'mountain'-like wind is: a storm.
JLPT -Joyo 7
hill
oka,
Outside: trawl/dragnet with drag ropes , inside: mountain (cf. rope or net )
Caught in a net, a mount shrinks to a hill.
JLPT -Joyo 7
cliff, steep precipice
gake, GAI
Top: mountain , bottom: precipice 厓 (cliff of heaps of soil /)
A mountain of piled earth like a cliff, is a cliff/precipice.

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