The Radical: 宀

ceiling    宀

Explanation Radical: ukanmuri

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 4Joyo 1
letter, character, writing
Top: roof , bottom: child (Image of a child with an oversized head 乛, a body 丿 and two outstretched arms seeking help)
Under the roof a child is sitting to study the letters / characters.
JLPT 4Joyo 2
house, specialist
ie, ya, KA, KE
Top: roof , bottom: pig (cf. )
Under a roof (together) with the pigs: Our house.
JLPT 4Joyo 2
muro, SHITSU
Top: roof , below: reach-a-target (From the sky an arrow comes to ground : falling back.)
When I reach the roof (= return home) I go to my room.
JLPT 5Joyo 3
peaceful, cheap, low
yasui, AN
Top: a roof , bottom: woman
With a woman under our roof everything will be peaceful (.. and cheaper??)
JLPT 4Joyo 3
Left: hill , right: perfect (The roof as the origin [of the house] should be perfect [against rain?])
This hill is perfect for: an institute.
JLPT 4Joyo 3
samui, KAN
From top: a roof , a well , variant of six , variant of ice
A roof over the well and six blocks of ice: That is cold!
JLPT 4Joyo 3
large building, palace, mansion
Left: eating (cover on good food), right: government (= Under a roof with straightly connected rooms )
The food from the government is served in a large building.
JLPT 3Joyo 3
guest, visitor
Top: roof , bottom: every (With crossed legs on a cushion sits everybody.)
Who sits under the roof cross-legged on a cushion? - Our guest!
JLPT 3Joyo 3
shrine, palace
miya, KYŪ, GŪ, KU
Top: roof , below: two connected rooms
Under a roof are several connected rooms: A palace or shrine.
JLPT 3Joyo 3
truth, real, fruit
mi, minoru, JITSU
A house , three and a person
Under a roof with three persons it is truthly fruitful.
JLPT 3Joyo 3
protect, defend, guard
mamoru, SHU, SU
Top: roof , below: skillful hand
The roof and the skillful hand will protect you.
JLPT 3Joyo 3
decide, establish, fix, rule, certainty
sadameru, TEI, JŌ
Top: roof , below: var. of correct (at the line to stop is correct.)
Under this roof it is decided according to fixed rules.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
idea, proposal, scheme, plan
Top: cheap, peaceful (Under our roof a woman , then everything will be peaceful (...and cheaper??), bottom: tree
Peace in the trees: That is my plan.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
harm, injury, damage
From top: roof , growing plant in a pot (alternative: simplification of poison )
The roof has - by the growing potted plant - been damaged.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
complete, finish, perfect
Top: roof , below: origin/source (Two legs have the same origin.)
The roof as the origin of a building [roof =yane = =its root] needs to be complete and finished.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
Government, bureaucrat
Top: roof , below: typically understood as buttocks (both cheeks), but herer better: two connected rooms
Under a roof with straightly connected rooms is the government.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
tube, pipe, control
kuda, KAN
Top: bamboo , bottom: government (Under a roof with straightly connected rooms is the government.) - here: a cover and two tubes [in cross-section])
Made of bamboo is the cover over the two: pipes.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
investigate, judge, guess, realize, consider
Top: roof , below: festival (Meat / is put by hand on the altar for the festival (of sacrifice)
The house festival has to be investigated.
JLPT 3Joyo 3
lodge, accommodation, sheltering
yado, yadoru, SHUKU
Top: roof , below: person (variation of ) and: one hundred (The number 100 read from top downwards.)
A 'roof' hosting people in hundreds is a lodge.
JLPT 2Joyo 5
performance, act, play, stage
Left: water , right: roof/house , one , field , eight
The water in the house at the one/single field is part of the eight perfomances.
JLPT 2Joyo 5
come near, approach, meet, visit
yoru, KI
Top: roof , bottom: strange (There are a big possibilities , but it looks strange.)
Under a roof, there is the big possibility to get closer.
JLPT 2Joyo 5
wealth, riches
tomi, tomu, FU, FŪ
Top: roof/house , below: barrel of sake (originally pictograph of a barrel of sake as an altar offering; from there: wealth, luck )
A house with barrels of sake is wealthy.
JLPT 2Joyo 5
outer appearance, looks, contain, agree
Top: roof , below: valley (pictogr. of a valley opening towards the plain)
The roofs (=houses) in this valley have an outer appearance, that is acceptable.
JLPT 2Joyo 6
eaves, projection at end of roof, universe
noki, U
Top: roof , below: dry (image of a drying rack)
The "roof" that is keeping dry, are the eaves.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
hole, cavity, pit, slit
ana, KETSU
Top: roof as a cover, below: eight (here: a narrowing path)
It is covered and a narrowing path leads into it: the hole or cavity.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
Constitution, law
From top: roof , growing plant , eye , heart
Under this 'roof' you can grow and it has an eye on the hearts: The constitution.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
religion, sect
Top: roof , below: to show / (image of an altar with sth. on that is shown.)
The "roof" over the altar is the religion.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
shrink, reduce, shorten
chijimu/meru, SHUKU
Left: thread , right: accommodation/lodge 宿 (Below a roof with persons in hundreds )
(The laundry was washed too hot:) The threads in the lodge have been shrunk.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
announcement, promulgate, state
Roof and (sun ray and sunrise (sun above horizon )
(At sunrise, the rays hit highest places first:) At the roof , with a first sun ray the sunrise is announced.
JLPT 2Joyo 6
residence, home, house
Top: roof , below: 乇 (= plant with roots)
Under a roof with a rooted plant is my residence.
JLPT 2Joyo 6
space, mid-air, sky
Top: roof , below: reason/cause (Here: A rocketstarts from a rice field .)
Through the roof the rocket is starting from the field into: space.
JLPT 2Joyo 6
treasure, preciousness, valuable, wealth
Top: roof , bottom: jewel/ball (king , jewel )
Below a roof are the jewels: the treasure.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
hidden, secret, dense, intimate
hisoka, MITSU
From top: roof , certainly (... is the heart pierced by a lance ), montain
(Protecting) roofs are certainly in the mountains for hideing.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
banquet, party
utage, EN
From top: roof , sun , woman
Below the roof, the sunny woman hosts a banquet.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
widow, few, slightly
From top: roof , head/forehead (for person) , share, divide (with eight swords )
Under the roof according to the head(-count) [the inheritance] is divided. A little remains for the widow.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
tolerant, generous, magnanimous, relax
kutsurogu, KAN
From top: house , plant , see/look (= The eye is on legs when looking around.)
(A green roof where insects and perhaps bees may settle?) A roof made of plants is seen as: tolerant and generous.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
good, right, appropriate
yoroshii, GI
Top: roof , below: besides/moreover (A pile of stones [= a stone cairn] where moreover stones are added.)
A roof in addition? Good! Appropriate!
JLPT 1Joyo 7
administer, manage, supervision
Top: roof/house , below: spicy/bitter (image of a needle for tattooing)
(Always expensive repairs:) A house causes bitterness because you have to administer (= supervise) it.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
rub, grind, grate, scrape, scrub, chafe, scour
suru/reru, kosuru, SATSU
Left: hand , right: investigate (The house- festival is investigated [festival = Meat / is put by hand on the altar /for the festival of sacrifice.]
The hand investigates sth. by rubbing it.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
lonely, lonesome, mature, quiet
sabishii, sabi, JAKU, SEKI
Top: roof/house , below: parent's younger siblings (.. harvesting pepper plants by hand )
(As they are out to harvest pepper by hand?) The house of my younger uncle is lonely.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
karu/ri, SHU
Left: wild animal (dog on hind legs), right: protect (.. by a roof or a skillful hand ) [cf. to catch , where a basket is falling on that bird]
For wild animals use a trap and your skillful hand to hunt them.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
(early) evening, dusk
yoi, SHŌ
Top: roof/house , below: alike (Small bodies / are alike.)
The roofs of the buildings look alike in the evening.
JLPT 2Joyo 7
sleep, lie down, rest
neru/kasu, SHIN
Top: roof , left: bed (image of a tree cut into half; cf. fragment ,爿), right: "only one glove" (hand ヨ, only one cover , further hand )
Under a roof with a bed and only one glove is where I sleep.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
(jurisdictional) trial, hearing, consider, investigate
Top: roof/house , below: watch, guard (The ripe rice-plants [= combination of rice plant and rice ] on the field are numbered and are guarded.)
The house is guarded during the trial.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
rather, better, preferably, instead, peaceful
mushiro, NEI
From top: roof , heart , eye , city block (Here as a nail like at 'to strike' )
A roof for my heart and eye instead of this nail is what I rather need to be peaceful.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
VIP, privileged guest, visitor, guest of honor
From top: roof , one , few/little , shell/money
Under our roof, this (particular) one needs only little money: He is a VIP-guest.
JLPT 2Joyo 7
melt, dissolve
Left: water , right: outer apperance (The roofs in the valley define its appearance.)
Water comes from the roofes into the valley, because it is melting.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
dormitory, hostel
Top: roof , below: (big person with fat legs, day (here: two tatami mats), small
Under a roof, the big ones (with fat legs) lie on tatami mats with the small ones: We are in a dormitory.
JLPT 2Joyo 7
arm, ability, skill
ude, WAN
Left: body /, right: address (The roof under which I fall at the evening into a slumped position: that is my address.)
My body collapses under the roof at the (live's) evening into a slumped person, but my arms are still capable/skilled.
JLPT -Joyo 7
allocate, to address
Top: roof , below: evening , slumped Person
The roof under which I collapse at the evening into a slumped position: that is my address.
JLPT -Joyo 7
obstruct, blockage
fusagu, fusagaru, SAI, SOKU
From top: roof , a well , var. of six , earth
Despite the roof, the well was already six-times filled with earth and thus obstructed.
JLPT -Joyo 7
footmark, track, remains

Left: foot (kneecap and a footprint ), right: religion (The "roof" over the altar / is the religion)
Feet as well as religions leave footmarks.
JLPT -Joyo 7
rip, be torn apart, to open out, opened seam
hokorobiru, TAN
Left: thread , right: fix, decide (Under the roof we have correct rules for our decitions.)
The thread has fixed it, but now it is ripped open.
JLPT -Joyo 7
honey, nectar
From top: roof , certainly (... is the heart pierced by a lance ), insect
Below that roof are certainly insects with honey.

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