The Radical: 十


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Meaning
ten, 10    十

Explanation Two crossed arms (with five fingers each) means ten.

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT 5Joyo 1
ten
,

Two crossed arms (with five fingers each) makes: ten.
JLPT 5Joyo 1
thousand
chi, SEN
Combination of with one (see 'one' as "many persons aligned")
Many persons aligned to each other add up to 1000.
JLPT 4Joyo 1
early, fast
hayai,
Sunrise (= The sun above the horizon ) with a marking
When the (rising) sun is at the marked spot at the horizon, it is still early.
JLPT 4Joyo 2
measure
hakaru, KEI
Left: word (sound waves out of a mouth ), right: ten
To put the words in groups of tens for measuring.
JLPT 5Joyo 2
old
furui, KO
Ten and mouth ( was derived from the image of a skull). See this as the image of a grave mound with a cross.
Under the tomb mound/stone lies the "old".
JLPT 5Joyo 2
noon
GO

Image of the pestel (handle at the top), that hits the middle of the mortar, like 'noon' is the middle of the day.
JLPT 5Joyo 2
south
minami, NAN
At the camping ground it is preferred (and therefore more expensive) to have the entrance of the tent directed towards the south.
It costs Yen ¥ to have the entrance to the south.
JLPT 5Joyo 2
half, middle
nakaba, HAN
A cake , two candles and a cut
The birthday cake with two candles is cut into half.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
cooperate, arrangement
KYŌ
Left: ten , right: 劦 (= 3x force/strength )
10 x 3 forces cooperate.
JLPT 4Joyo 3
truth, reality, quintessence
ma, SHIN
Top: ten , below: tool (the eyes see it on the table .)
The ten tools are truely real.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
graduate, completion
SOTSU
From top: rotary disc , two persons , rotary disc
(In the exam:) As if squeezed between two rotary discs: the graduates.
JLPT 3Joyo 4
doktorate, gain, gamble, extensive, wide
HAKU, BAKU
Left: ten , right: var. of wholly, exclusively (The soil is penetrated by a (single) sprout in the rice field , cared for by a skillful hand , which is exclusive.)
(Gratitude of the patients:) Tenfold is the whole gain of a doctor.
JLPT 2Joyo 5
support, sustain, hold, branch(office)
sasaeru, SHI
Top: branch , below: hand
A branch in the hand as support (of the branch office).
JLPT 2Joyo 5
Level, conform, semi-, quasi-
JUN
Top: water and bird , bottom: twig (cf. )
(to be closer to the water:) The waterbirds are sitting on a twig/branch on a semi-level.
JLPT 1Joyo 5
virtue, merit
TOKU
Left: go , right: ten , eye , heart
Going with ten eyes and one heart demands virtue.
JLPT 1Joyo 6
judge, decide, to tailor
sabaku, tatsu, SAI
Top/right: ten , var. of halberd , with additions, below: clothes
Whether he used the 10 halberds to tailer clothes, is what the judge = [さいばん・かん] shall decide.
JLPT 2Joyo 6
needle, pin, pointer
hari, SHIN
Left: metal, gold (Covered in the ground are 2 gold nuggets ), right: ten
It is made of metal and pointed like the number ten (= ): A needle!
JLPT 1Joyo 7
overcome, intense, skillfully, severe
KOKU
Top: ten , below: elder brother (A big mouth on legs )
Ten elder brothers will overcome.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
break, smash, crush
kudaku/keru, SAI
Left: stone (Below the cliff are stones ), right: nine , ten
A stone makes it in nine out of ten cases: to break.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
plantation, planting, cultivation, plant
SAI
Left: ten , tree , right: halberd
(If necessary, the halberd can be used as a plow:) Ten trees can (by use of a halberd) be planted.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
load (luggage), put on, carry, publish
noru/seru, SAI
Outside: halberd , ten , below: vehicle
With ten halberds the vehicle was loaded and sth. about it was published.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
cord, string, rope, search, seek
SAKU
From top: ten , cover , thread
Ten covered threads make that string/rope, you were searching for.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
juice, soup
shiru,
Left: water right: ten (Here as simplification of , which is the right portion of green: = squeezing hand ヨ makes liquid to drop.)
The 'water' dropping down, when squeezing by hand is a juice (or soup).
JLPT 1Joyo 7
shield, resist, disobey, defiantly, escutcheon
tate, JUN
Left: shield , right: ten , eye
A shield with 10 eyes as the symbol for: 'shield' and to resist.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
liquid measure (1.8 l), to increase
masu, SHŌ
Left: var. of person , right: ten
A person feels like ten after a SHŌ of sake.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
self-control, refrain, careful, abstain, be discreet, prudent
tsutsushimu, SHIN
Left: feeling , right: truth (The ten tools are really true.)
Combine the feelings for the truth with: self-control!
JLPT 1Joyo 7
rapid, fast, swift, intense
hayai, JIN
Left: movement , right: ten and simplification of a crane (cf. to fly )
Ten cranes move rapidly.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
chic, tasteful, stylish, essence, smart, sophisticated
iki, SUI
Left: rice/USA , right: nine , ten
Rice/USA is in nine out of ten cases: chic.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
drunk, tipsy, dizzy
you, SUI
Left: wine mug , right: nine out of ten
Alcohol with 90% makes you drunk.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
fine, slender, fiber, slim
SEN
Left: thread , right: halberd with ten , hollow (= hollow vent of an extinct vulcano)
Like 'threads' are the ten hollow halberds: such fine.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
mourn, loss, miss, death
mo,
From top: ten , two mouths , simple var. of clothes
A cross , two coffins/cascets and simple clothes are signs of mourning. (Or: It is also sorrow with two holes ロロ in the clothes .)
JLPT 1Joyo 7
burglar, thief, rebel, traitor, robber
ZOKU
From left: shell/money , ten , halberd
He got money and ten halberds. The burglar!
JLPT 1Joyo 7
eminent, excellent, table
TAKU
Top: divination (crack in the shell of a turtle used for divination), below: early/fast (When the (rising ) sun is at the marked spot at the horizon , it is still early.)
(Already at breakfast he realized the problem:) The divination came up early that a table would be excellent.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
listen carefully, hear
kiku, CHŌ
Left: ear , right: var. of virtue (ten , eye , heart ; not there: "go" )
Your ear shall (do it with virtue) thus as if with 10 eyes and the heart: To listen carefully.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
ignoble, lowly, shabby, base, vulgar
iyashii/shimu, HI
From top: accent , field , accent , ten
I have already emphasized twice that this field is ten times ignoble.
JLPT 1Joyo 7
frame, limit
waku,
Left: tree , right: nine , ten
From one tree you can make nine or ten frames.
JLPT -Joyo 7
be crowned with, (polite:) receive
itadaku, TAI
From top: ten , halberd ; curious/strange (Put a rice paddy together (with other paddies) and you will see how strange they are.)
He received ten strange halberds at the coronation.

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